The Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam is an important Tet holiday for Vietnamese people and in some other Asian countries such as China, Japan, and Korea. In each country, this New Year has its own meaning with different customs. Particularly in Vietnam, the Lunar New Year associated with many dishes used to kill insects has become a tradition of every family.
Origin and meaning of the Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam
The Doan Ngo Festival has existed for a long time in Eastern culture and has been passed down from generation to generation. The Doan Ngo Festival originates from different legends in each country, but in fact, they are all associated with the concept of the circulation of the weather in the year.
If in China, the Lunar New Year on May 5 originated from the memory of patriotic poet Qu Nguyen – who jumped into the Mi La River to commit suicide more than 2000 years ago, in Korea, May 5 is one of the three largest traditional holidays in this country with the meaning of praying for a bountiful harvest, free from pests and diseases.
The Chinese Lunar New Year is a day to commemorate Qu Nguyen – a great poet and cultural house.
The Lunar New Year in Vietnam is also known as the “Tet to kill insects” because this time is the change of seasons, the weather changes markedly and many diseases arise. Folks have the custom of killing insects, worshiping ancestors and the gods of the harvest, hoping for a bountiful harvest and a prosperous life. Besides, the Lunar New Year is also an occasion for family reunion, the day when children and grandchildren from all over the world gather together to eat typical traditional gifts and cakes… to eliminate “insects” in the body, In addition to the Lunar New Year, the Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam is an important holiday of the year for Vietnamese people. On this day, those who are far away from home or busy with the hustle and bustle of living also try to arrange to return to their hometown, enjoy the New Year’s day of many generations, and eat delicious dishes that their grandmothers and mothers usually make every 5th. /5.
The Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam is an important Tet holiday just after the Lunar New Year.
The customs of the Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam
The most important custom in the Lunar New Year in Vietnam is to worship ancestors and crop gods with typical dishes such as sour fruits, glutinous rice wine, ash cake, fruit… then Use these foods to kill pests in the body. The ancients believed that the first dish on the 5th of May would help kill bugs in people, namely eating sticky rice first to let the insects get drunk, then using fruits to let them all die.
Besides the offering tray on 5/5, according to the custom, at the Horse hour (12 noon) of the day, people in the countryside will invite each other to pick leaves to bring home to cook steaming water to cleanse the body and relieve colds. Because 12 o’clock on 5/5 every year is the best time for yang energy, the time when the sun shines the best in a year. In some other regions, there is the custom of dyeing toenails and fingernails, examining trees for fruit, hanging wormwood to exorcise evil spirits. In big cities and urban areas, when they cannot go to the forest to pick leaves by themselves, the women and mothers will go to the market to buy all kinds of leaves to cook, rush up for the whole family to ensure that they still follow traditional customs.
Picking leaves to cook in a pot to detoxify the body is a custom of the Lunar New Year.
Attractive dishes during the Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam
The Lunar New Year in Vietnam has a lot of dishes that both “kill insects” and for the whole family to gather together warmly. Depending on the region, the dishes are very rich and diverse, and the processing methods are also different. In each dish, there are hidden cultural and spiritual beauties that are sent and maintained from one life to another. Here are the indispensable dishes in the Lunar New Year in Vietnam, typical for each region
1. Glutinous rice wine (popular throughout the country)
Glutinous rice is popular in all regions during the Lunar New Year in Vietnam with the meaning associated with the desire to kill insects. According to folk beliefs, the pungent taste of sticky rice will cause the parasites in the body to be destroyed. Glutinous wine is loved by many people because of its natural aroma and sweetness without the use of sugar.
Northern sticky rice wine or to separate into individual grains.
Depending on the region, sticky rice wine has different processing methods and shapes. People in the North keep the rice wine into separate grains, the Central likes to squeeze it into cubes while the Southern people like to roll the glutinous rice into round balls. In Hue, there is a more special way of using it than mixing sticky rice wine with cool ice cubes. With this method, the glutinous rice must be fermented until it is not harsh when eating and drinking.
Southerners like to wash rice and wine as a round member.
2. Millet tea (Hue)
Anyone who has ever traveled to Hue once will be very impressed with the typical dishes here, especially the famous tea dishes of the ancient capital. Therefore, on the occasion of the Lunar New Year, a dish of tea that is also included in the list of indispensable dishes in the reunion tray of Hue is millet tea. Each round millet seed, after being milled to clean the shell, will be soaked and boiled until it is soft and viscous. ا ا ا ا At this point, just add sugar and ginger juice to produce a fragrant pot of tea with a charming, delicious yellow color.
3. Drift tea (Southern)
Dubbed the paradise of sweet dishes, water drifting tea is definitely a favorite dish of many people in Southern Vietnamese New Year dishes . The large round tea balls with a shell made of white glutinous rice flour surrounding the mung bean filling are interspersed with tiny unfilled tea balls in the middle of a layer of sugar water with the scent of pandan leaves mixed with fatty leopard coconut milk. childhood of many people. If you have the opportunity to travel to the West on the Lunar New Year, do not miss this sweet and delicious dish.
Drifting tea is a dish associated with many people’s childhoods, especially in the memory of the days of the Doan Ngo Festival.
Today, water drifting tea has many variations with eye-catching colors and more types of fillings.
4. Banh troi (South Central and Southern Vietnam and some parts of the North)
In the South Central and Southern regions and some parts of the North, banh tro is an indispensable dish on the tray of rice offerings on May 5. Every house will definitely buy thirty or more cakes first to worship the ancestors and then for the whole family to enjoy together.
Banh ú is a dish that is loved by many people during the Lunar New Year.
5. Banh Khuc (Nung people)
The Nung people living in Muong Khuong, Lao Cai also have a typical dish that contributes to enriching the cuisine of the three regions of the Doan Ngo Festival , which is banh khuc. The ingredients for making banh khuc are simple but not inferior to other dishes. With delicious glutinous rice, vegetables, green beans, sesame seeds have created cakes that many visitors who eat once will remember forever.
6. Duck meat (Central and Southern regions)
According to the traditions of the Central and Southern people, duck meat cannot be missing in the insect-killing tray, partly because in the fifth lunar month, duck meat will be the most delicious and fatty, and no longer has the usual bad smell. . Many families often buy ducks to make meals to make the meal of the Lunar New Year in Vietnam more delicious and richer, besides the traditional sweets or fruits.
People in the Central region love to eat duck meat on the Lunar New Year.
7. Seasonal fruit (common regions)
Regardless of the region, fruit is an indispensable dish for Vietnamese people to burn incense to worship their ancestors and enjoy on the day of the Doan Ngo Festival. The fifth lunar month is the time when plums and lychees are in the harvest season with the typical fresh taste of summer fruits. With the sour taste of plums and the sweetness of lychee, each house’s Lunar New Year will surely add a rich aroma.
Lychee is an indispensable fruit in the delicacies of the Lunar New Year.
Attractive seasonal fruits on Tet holiday in the middle of the year.
The Doan Ngo Festival in Vietnam in the middle of the year, first to worship ancestors and ancestors, pray for a bountiful harvest and a prosperous life, then a wish to kill all diseases (insects) in people, hope for a Healthy body. Tet Doan Ngo has become a special holiday imbued with the traditional culture of every Vietnamese.