Seals of national treasures

HANOI – Some of the seals are national treasures such as the Mon Ha An seal, and Dai Viet Quoc Nguyen lord Vinh Tran chi Bao… are being kept at the National Museum of History.

The Gate of the Hall of Fame is made of bronze, 8.5 cm high, 7.3 cm x 7.3 cm face size, dated Long Khanh 5, Tran Due Tong (1377). In 1962, the seal was discovered in Huong Khe district, Ha Tinh and was recognized as a national treasure in 2012. The seal is made of three levels, a rectangular knob, curved top like a stone stele.

The two sides of the back of the seal are engraved with two lines of Chinese characters (Zhen script): Mon Ha Hall seal (the seal of the Mon Ha Hall) and Long Khanh five years, five moons, two decades , three days (made on May 23, era name) 5th Long Khanh, reign of King Tran Due Tong, 1377).

This is one of the seals expressing the power of the feudal state, used to close important administrative documents of the Tran court, from the reign of King Tran Due Tong onward. Mon Ha Hall is one of the three halls, the highest organ of the central government system of the Tran dynasty, and the close agency of the king, responsible for keeping the seal, transmitting the king’s orders to the mandarins and public servants. rituals in the palace.

Square seal face, embossed with 4 Chinese characters (Tien script): Mon Ha Lonh seal .

Mon Ha Lonh seal is the earliest known bronze seal with the earliest and clearest content related to the history of the central administration of the Tran dynasty. So far, the discoveries of bronze seals of Vietnamese feudal dynasties are very few. Therefore, this is also a particularly rare and precious artifact in the national cultural heritage.

India ‘s Dai Viet Kingdom Nguyen Lord Vinh Tran Chi Bao is made of gold, 6.3 cm high; 1.1 cm thick; 10.84 cm x 10.84 cm wide and 2.35 kg weight. The seal was cast in 1709, under Le Trung Hung and became a national treasure in 2016. This is the earliest seal in the history of the Nguyen Dynasty.

Square press, knob is a jade playing, head raised, turned to the left, dorsal fin embossed in the shape of a knife.

On both sides of the back of the seal are engraved two lines of Chinese characters, on the left are Ke bowls, hexagons, quartets, four coins, three cents (plus 8-year-old gold, weighing 6 bars, 4 taels, 4 coins, 3 cents); On the right is Vinh Thinh five years old, twelve months of the lunar calendar (made on December 6, Vinh Thinh 5 year, ie 1709 under King Le Du Tong’s reign). The bottom edge is engraved with 9 Chinese characters: Lai set Dong Tri Qua Tue Thu (the mandarin in charge of the production is Dong Tri Bo Lai Qua Tue Thu). Photo: National Museum of History

The face is cast in Chinese characters (Triple script) Dai Viet Kingdom Nguyen Lord Vinh Tran Chi Bao (treasure of the Nguyen Lord of Dai Viet town for a long time).

During the reign of King Gia Long (1802-1819), the seal was chosen as a treasure of the Nguyen dynasty and kept very carefully. At Thien Mu Pagoda (Hue city), this precious metal stamp is still preserved on the stele built by Lord Nguyen Phuc Chu in 1715. Photo: National Museum of History.

Emperor Ton’s seal is made of gold, 11.9 cm high; printing face 13.6 cm x 13.7 cm x 13.6 cm x 13.7 cm; 1.9 cm thick and weighs nearly 9 kg. The seal was minted in the 8th Minh Menh era (1827), transferred by the Nguyen Dynasty to the Government of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam in 1945 and recognized as a national treasure in 2021.

The seal forms two square levels, the handle is a meandering dragon statue, the head reaches forward, two long horns, the tail spreads 9 flame-shaped strips, the dragon’s legs 5 claws. On the back of the seal is engraved two lines of Chinese characters, with the right side being Minh Menh, eight decades of the moon, sand day creation (cast on the auspicious day of October, the 8th year of Minh Menh, 1827). On the left is the ten-year-old metal, the weight of the two hundred thirty-four hundred and the four three-inches of money (10-year-old gold, weighing 234 taels, 4 coins, and 3 centimetres).

The face is embossed with 6 words Trieu: Emperor Ton Than chi Bao.

This is one of the seals that King Minh Menh, after ascending the throne, continued to cast more to supplement the seal system of the emperor and the dynasty. The seal currently holds the largest weight in the collection of royal seals and treasures of the Nguyen dynasty as well as of the Vietnamese feudal dynasties currently known. Photo: National Museum of History

The jade seal of Dai Nam Thu Thien Vinh , a lifetime, is made of white jade called white jade, 14.5 cm high, 4.3 cm thick, 12.8 cm x 13.2 cm wide, weighs more than 2 ,6 kg. India was born in the 7th year of Thieu Tri, the Nguyen Dynasty (1847) and was recognized as a national treasure in 2017.

The seal consists of two parts: the strap and the press. The seal handle is carved in the shape of a dragon and is shown in the form of a coiled dragon (dragon nest), raised head, 5 claws feet, twisted tail.

This is the third jade seal of King Thieu Tri, also the most precious and largest jade seal in the collection of royal treasures of the Nguyen Dynasty. The king himself performed the Great Order ceremony to engrave words on this jade seal. Photo: National Museum of History

The square seal face embossed with 9 Chinese characters (Tien script): Dai Nam receives the eternal destiny of the nation billion (The national jade seal of Dai Nam receives a long-term destiny from Heaven).

The seal is used in the annual Great Sacrifice Ceremony at Dan Nam Giao (Hue Capital), and used to mark the identities of the vassals, the things given to the world. Photo: National Museum of History

During its 143 years of existence, the Nguyen Dynasty made more than 100 seals (made of gold and silver, it was called Kim Bao, made of jade, it was called Ngoc billion but later it was not clear). In particular, in the reign of King Minh Mang (1820-1840) and King Tu Duc (1848-1883), each period had 15 seals.

 (According to vnexpress )