Top 10 rarest mushrooms in Vietnam

Nowadays, mushrooms are the favorite food of many people. Not only have high nutritional value, but they are also raw materials for processing attractive dishes, mushrooms are also raw materials for processing precious medicines to help the body improve resistance, anti-aging, reduce cholesterol, and many other great uses. Below Toplist will introduce the 10 rarest mushrooms in Vietnam today.

Heart Truc Mushroom

Mushrooms, also known as queen mushrooms, have the scientific name of Dictyophora indusiata. Mushrooms are a high-class food that is beneficial to human health and has many medicinal uses. A study has shown that the extract from the heart mushroom has the ability to prevent and treat diseases such as breast cancer, cure gout, help strengthen the body’s immune system… Bamboo mushroom has the effect of tonic gas, tonic lung, brain tonic, stabilizing high blood pressure. It contains Polysaccharides that are biologically active with anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties, supporting the treatment of bronchitis, pneumonia, enteritis. In particular, Polysaccharides are the strongest tumor immunostimulants, supporting the treatment of gynecological diseases and preventing tumors in women. Mushrooms usually grow naturally in the soil, when young, the top of the mushroom is a black or dark brown pyramid, covered with a slimy layer.

When the mushroom matures, the top of the mushroom expands into a layer like interlocking meshes, yellow or white, covering from the top to the bottom of the mushroom. This layer of net is likened to the “veil” of the beauties of the ancient palace. Therefore, the shape and color of mushrooms look more splendid and beautiful than other common mushrooms. That is also why the mushroom is also known as the queen mushroom. The top of the fungus, the part containing the black or dark brown mucus layer, is also the site of the foul, rotten smell. This feature of the fungus attracts insects such as flies and mosquitoes to land. Therefore, when the mushroom grows and blooms, the covering layer is opened, if not harvested in time, the mushroom will quickly rot…

Heart Truc Mushroom
Heart Truc Mushroom

Thai Duong Mushroom

Sun mushroom (also known as sun mushroom, princess mushroom, royal mushroom, God mushroom). This fungus originated in Brazil, now they are grown in many parts of the world, including Vietnam. Dong Thap is the first place where Thai Duong mushrooms appeared in our country. This mushroom has a gray, pink or reddish-brown cap on which there are very small filaments, white at the base of the mushroom. In Thai Duong mushrooms, there is a very high protein content of 40 – 50%; In addition, it also contains vitamins such as B1, B2, vitamin K, fiber from 6-8%, especially Polysaccharides – very important in the treatment of cancer. Currently, Thai Duong mushrooms have been studied to prepare functional foods and medicines.

Research on extracting active ingredients fromSun mushroom , scientists found this is the most beta-glucan-rich mushroom species. Most of them are glucans with high medical activity, low molecular weight, so they are easily absorbed into the body such as Beta-1-3-glucan, beta-1-6-glucan. Besides, it is an RNA-protein complex with essential vitamins and minerals. Beta-glucan has been confirmed by scientists to have the effect of enhancing immune function and good support for cancer treatment. The immune-enhancing effect of the Sunflower mushroom is also proven through research by scientists from Kobe University of Pharmacy, Japan.

Thai Duong Mushroom
Thai Duong Mushroom

Thuong Hoang Mushroom

Thuong Hoang mushroom (another name is Hoang Son mushroom ), this yellow mushroom belongs to a precious mushroom in nature and has now been propagated on a large scale and developed on an industrial scale. Thuong Hoang mushrooms are very good in preventing the growth of cancer cells, especially breast cancer, in addition, they also have the ability to remove impurities to help make the blood, prevent excess fat in the organs. It helps to purify the body and regulate blood pressure. The scientific name is Phellinus linteus belonging to the Hymenochaetaceae family, it is called sanghwang in Korea, meshimakobu in Japan, songgen in China, and in Vietnam known as thuong Hoang mushroom or Hoang Son mushroom.. These are woody fungi that, over the years, overlap with the previous year’s strata, shaped like bright yellow or brown nails.

In the wild, this fungus often grows in deep forests and rugged mountains, especially primeval forests. In traditional medicine, this mushroom has long been used in the form of the cooking water, but due to the limited research on this mushroom , there is not a certain dose for each purpose. use. Vietnam is a country with quite a lot of Phellinus species growing, however, the “Co Linh Chi” fever a few years ago has made Phellinus mushroom species also be exploited, fully harvested and almost difficult to find in the forests of Vietnam. South if not going deep into the primeval forest areas.

Thuong Hoang Mushroom
Thuong Hoang Mushroom

Ganoderma

Ganoderma lucidum (other names Tien Thao, Longevity Mushroom, Van Nien velvet) is a fungus in the reishi mushroom family. This super mushroom has many uses such as: Strengthening the body’s immune system; clean the digestive system thereby treating constipation; help sedation, avoid fatigue, stress; against fatty liver or atherosclerotic disease; fight cancer, inhibit the growth of cancer cells; prevention and treatment of diabetes; help beautify the skin, etc. Ganoderma lucidum is a precious medicine from nature that has been used for thousands of years in health promotion and healing support. Today, Ganoderma lucidum is increasingly widely used in many parts of the world and has become an attractive subject for research and application in the field of medicine and beauty.

Ganoderma lucidum is classified as a high-grade, precious medicine in the “Manuscripts of Shen Nong” and “Manuscripts of Manuscripts”. In modern medicine, the effects of Ganoderma lucidum are still being researched and discovered by scientists in many parts of the world over time. The researchers confirmed that the water-soluble polysaccharides abundant in Ganoderma lucidum have anti-cancer, immune-disrupting and anti-hypertensive effects. Another important ingredient is triterpenes, also known as ganoderic acids, which help alleviate allergies by inhibiting the body’s release of histamine, promoting oxygen absorption and increasing liver function.

Ganoderma
Ganoderma

Monkey Mushroom

Hou Thu mushroom is widely distributed in East Asia. This fungus does not grow on the ground but on trees of the oak group, or some broadleaf trees that are decaying. Hou Thu mushroom is often used to treat a number of diseases such as ulcers of the stomach – duodenum, intestines, and a number of other diseases in the digestive tract. In addition, this mushroom is also effective for Alzheimer’s disease, preventing the aging process, helping to restore neurons, helping to strengthen the body’s immune system and fight metastatic lung cancer. The lion mushroom, also known as monkey head mushroom or monkey brain mushroom, is a rare medicinal herb and also a witch It is also delicious and nutritious food. Mushrooms widely distributed in regions of China, Japan or Vietnam have this precious mushroom.

Hou Thu mushroom, as well as Ganoderma lucidum and reishi, live on wood substrates, Mushrooms often grow naturally on woody plants: Chestnut oak group, or live or decayed broad-leaved trees up to the innermost region. bark (core) can therefore kill the tree. In Japan, this mushroom is like the jewelry worn on the clothes of the ancient sage groups, so it is called Yamabushitake (mountain bandit mushroom). In China, this mushroom, when the young fruit body is shaped like a monkey’s head with long arms, is called Houtou. This fungus is used as a dry powder in a filter bag with boiling water as tea, soaked in alcohol into kimuu, used as a nutritious, energizing food and especially of high value in cancer prevention. . Monkey MushroomIt is considered a precious mushroom of the Da Lat highlands, suitable for cold climates.

Monkey Mushroom
Monkey Mushroom

Phu Linh Thien Mushroom

Phuc Linh Thien mushroom has the effect of restoring the spirit, increasing the body’s vitality and the wonderful thing is that it has the ability to inhibit tumors, even shrink malignant tumors. Its ability to stabilize blood pressure is second to none. The reason this mushroom is expensive is mainly because of its anti-cancer effects. Phuc Linh Thien is a fungus that often grows parasitically on the roots of pine trees and is located at a depth of 20 – 30 cm below This fungus has a black-brown outer surface, rough surface, some places may have bumps. This mushroom classification is based on color: White fungus called Bach Linh; gray-pink mushrooms called chain-lings. Phuc Linh Thien mushroom has many times stronger effects than ginseng, especially for patients in critical condition. Currently in our country, Phuc Linh Thien is located at Hoang Lien Son.

Reishi mushroom is a type of reishi mushroom that only grows on the tops of an ancient tree species of the pine family. This mushroom is likened to a miracle drug called (Restored) mushroom that has the effect of restoring miraculous health. Linh Thien mushroom is an extremely rare herb, this mushroom has only been discovered and used in recent years in Vietnam and is known as Linh Thien mushroom . In addition, the mushroom is also known as worshiping the gods (revealing the gods), worshiping the spirits, and serving the spirits. This fungus is extremely rare, in our country there are only a few places where this fungus has been discovered. The part used is the part of the fungus that grows from the top of a spruce tree. The larger this mushroom, the more valuable it is, currently the record for the largest size of this mushroom is 14kg in Yen Bai, this mushroom has been paid the highest price of 200 million VND but the owner has not yet agreed to sell it. …

Phu Linh Thien Mushroom
Phu Linh Thien Mushroom

Termites Mushroom

New Year’s scientific name is Termitomyces albuminous, this is a natural fungus grows .. The fungus is just delicious food, nourishing to bring high economic value. Termites mushrooms only grow in highland with suitable climate such as Ben Tre, Vinh Long or some other provinces in the Southeast region, this fungus has a white color with a slightly yellowish base. Currently, there are many scientific works to propagate this fungus but have not been successful, its number is decreasing due to changes in climate and habitat. Termites mushrooms are a type of mushroom given by heaven, so they are considered the “king” of mushrooms. Termites mushrooms are not only delicious and popular food, but also a very good medicine for health. That’s why it’s so expensive, so many people trust it.

In order to “hunt” mushrooms, people often have to get up very early and especially need luck and grace, because the lifetime of termites is also very short, by noon or afternoon, the tree has begun to die or be affected by some animals. animals and insects eat. Therefore, people must take advantage of early picking so that termite mushrooms are not damaged. The termite mushroom itself contains a hidden sweet substance, so when processing, there is no need to add fish meat, MSG will lose the characteristic flavor of what God has given. Termites mushrooms have a characteristic sweet taste, fragrant, tough mushroom stalks, difficult to mix with other mushrooms when enjoyed. This is a rare delicacy, so the price is always hot every year, especially the first mushroom season.

Termites Mushroom
Termites Mushroom

Seafood mushroom

Seafood mushrooms , also known as white jade mushrooms, lymph mushrooms, are white in color and have a similar taste to seafood. In seafood mushrooms there are a lot of minerals, amino acids that help users enhance memory, gradually improve the nervous system, in addition, seafood mushrooms. It also helps to strengthen the body’s immune system thereby helping to inhibit and prevent cancer and many other dangerous diseases. The white jade mushroom provides many nutrients, vitamins and minerals necessary for the body without causing obesity, has a high content of medicinal substances that act as antibiotics, very good for users. use. In addition, White Agarwood mushrooms have active ingredients that help prevent aging against germs, pathogenic bacteria… Their special effect is the ability to activate and increase the production of interneukin – macrophages, prevent the formation and destruction of tumors in the body.

It is called seafood mushroom , because of its seafood-like characteristics and taste. The cap is small, white, with a fat and long body. In white jade mushrooms contain many nutritional components such as vitamins, minerals are very necessary for the body. Seafood mushrooms contain active ingredients that can effectively prevent cancer – one of the diseases of the century of mankind. With high nutritional value, seafood mushrooms are familiar foods used by housewives frequently in meals. Since it is a 100% Vietnamese-origin mushroom, the flavor of the mushroom is guaranteed when combined with other ingredients…

Seafood mushroom
Seafood mushroom

Green reishi mushroom

According to the Proceedings of valuable medicinal herbs and post-Vietnam, mushrooms green ironwood (Garnodema Lucidum) is the only endemic species of fungi growing on tree green solitary in the forest (Vietnam and Laos). The scientific name of Ganoderma lucidum is Ganoderma lucidum (Leyss. Ex Fr.) Karst., also the synonym is Polyporum lucidus W. Curt belongs to the reishi mushroom family (Ganodermataceae). According to green reishi mushroom experts The pre-marketing clinical trial recorded effects divided into two groups: the group of adjuvant treatment, preventive treatment, and adjuvant to prevent and treat cancer, cirrhosis, fatty liver , prostate enlargement, stroke recovery, treatment of gout, arthritis, joint pain, diabetes, stomach pain, colon. The group has the effect of restoring, enhancing liver detoxification function, reducing blood fat, reducing high blood pressure, reducing excess fat.

Doctors also recommend not to give up the treatment regimens according to Western medicine when using reishi mushrooms. Reishi Mushroom should not be considered as a preparation that completely replaces medicine, because the effectiveness of traditional medicine and western medicine is quite different in terms of treatment mechanism. Green reishi mushroom is a rare mushroom found only in primeval forest areas. Mushrooms are used to nourish and nourish, restore the dysfunction of the body. Mushrooms are considered a golden source of medicinal herbs in the support and treatment of cancers, blood fats, blood pressure, liver detoxification, gout…

Green reishi mushroom
Green reishi mushroom

Chicken fat mushroom

Chicken fat mushrooms contain ingredients that help support the treatment of liver-related diseases such as hepatitis, cirrhosis; cancer, and strengthen the body’s resistance. Not only that, but chicken fat mushroom also helps prevent diseases related to blood fat, helps blood circulation. This mushroom has a soft body, a high edge and a concave mushroom cap with a yellow color similar to that of chicken . In addition, chicken fat mushrooms also contain a lot of fiber to help you maintain your figure and health. According to information from Wikipedia, mushrooms is the most common and widely distributed mushroom in the world as it is grown in more than 70 countries. As one of the most nutritious mushrooms, every 100g of shiitake mushrooms provides our body with 28 calories, however, mushrooms contain very little fat (only 0.5g) and in addition contain no cholesterol. Instead, mushrooms contain a lot of fiber (2.2g) and healthy minerals, namely vitamin C 4mg; calcium 6mg; iron 1.7mg; vitamin D8 IU; vitamin B6 0.1mg; 12mg magnesium with 2mg sodium (mineral salt) and 356mg potassium. Moreover, mushrooms contain a lot of vegetable protein (2.2g); very good and more secure than animal protein.

According to traditional medical documents, the mushroom is sweet, cool, has the effect of supplementing the spleen and helping gas, laxative, chemical phlegm, and gas digestion, very suitable for people with anorexia and fatigue due to weak spleen and stomach. pregnant women lack milk, chronic bronchitis, chronic hepatitis, leukemic syndrome… In addition to the uses on mushrooms, they can also be processed into many delicious dishes and combined to produce dishes. food – good medicine for human health such as sautéed mushroom with frogs, sautéed mushrooms in shrimp, stewed mushrooms in tofu, sautéed mushrooms in young intestines…

Chicken fat mushroom
Chicken fat mushroom

Mushrooms not only have high nutritional value, or are used as raw materials to prepare attractive dishes, they also provide a variety of vitamins and minerals to strengthen immunity, or are used as medicine to prevent and treat certain diseases. effective human disease. Above are the rarest mushrooms in Vietnam. Hope this article has brought useful information to readers.

Photo: Internet